Osteoprotegerin reduces the development of pain behaviour and joint pathology in a model of osteoarthritis
- Devi Rani Sagar1,
- Sadaf Ashraf2,
- Luting Xu1,
- James J Burston1,
- Matthew R Menhinick3,
- Caroline L Poulter3,
- Andrew J Bennett4,
- David A Walsh1,
- Victoria Chapman1
- 1Arthritis Research UK Pain Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
- 2School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, UK
- 3Faculty of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
- 4School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
- Correspondence to Dr Devi Rani Sagar, Arthritis Research UK Pain Centre, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK;
- Accepted 12 May 2013
- Published Online First 30 May 2013
Background Increased subchondral bone turnover may contribute to pain in osteoarthritis (OA).
Objectives To investigate the analgesic potential of a modified version of osteoprotegerin (osteoprotegerin-Fc (OPG-Fc)) in the monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) model of OA pain.
Methods Male Sprague Dawley rats (140–260 g) were treated with either OPG-Fc (3 mg/kg, subcutaneously) or vehicle (phosphate-buffered saline) between days 1 and 27 (pre-emptive treatment) or days 21 and 27 (therapeutic treatment) after an intra-articular injection of MIA (1 mg/50 µl) or saline. A separate cohort of rats received the bisphosphonate zoledronate (100 µg/kg, subcutaneously) between days 1 and 25 post-MIA injection. Incapacitance testing and von Frey (1–15 g) hind paw withdrawal thresholds were used to assess pain behaviour. At the end of the study, rats were killed and the knee joints and spinal cord removed for analysis. Immunohistochemical studies using Iba-1 and GFAP quantified levels of activation of spinal microglia and astrocytes, respectively. Joint sections were stained with haematoxylin and eosin or Safranin-O fast green and scored for matrix proteoglycan and overall joint morphology. The numbers of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive osteoclasts were quantified. N=10 rats/group.
Results Pre-emptive treatment with OPG-Fc significantly attenuated the development of MIA-induced changes in weightbearing, but not allodynia. OPG-Fc decreased osteoclast number, inhibited the formation of osteophytes and improved structural pathology within the joint similarly to the decrease seen after pretreatment with the bisphosphonate, zoledronate. Therapeutic treatment with OPG-Fc decreased pain behaviour, but did not improve pathology in rats with established joint damage.
Conclusions Our data suggest that early targeting of osteoclasts may reduce pain associated with OA.
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