rss
Ann Rheum Dis doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-202424
  • Clinical and epidemiological research
  • Extended report

Risk of mortality in patients with psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis: a longitudinal cohort study

  1. Joel M Gelfand5
  1. 1Division of Rheumatology, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Center for Pharmacoepidemiology Research and Training, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  2. 2Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Center for Pharmacoepidemiology Research and Training, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  3. 3Division of Rheumatology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
  4. 4Section of Rheumatology and the Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  5. 5Department of Dermatology, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Center for Pharmacoepidemiology Research and Training, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Alexis Ogdie, Division of Rheumatology, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Center for Pharmacoepidemiology Research and Training, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 8 Penn Tower, 1 Convention Ave, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; alexis.ogdie{at}uphs.upenn.edu
  • Received 28 July 2012
  • Revised 12 November 2012
  • Accepted 2 December 2012
  • Published Online First 21 December 2012

Abstract

Background There are conflicting reports in the literature of the mortality risk among patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The objective of this study was to examine the risk of mortality in patients with PsA compared with matched controls, patients with psoriasis and those with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Methods A longitudinal cohort study was performed in a large UK medical record database, The Health Improvement Network, among patients with PsA, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or psoriasis with data from 1994 to 2010. Unexposed controls were matched on practice and start date within the practice for each patient with PsA. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate the relative hazards for death.

Results Patients with PsA (N=8706), RA (N=41 752), psoriasis (N=138 424) and unexposed controls (N=82 258) were identified; 1 442 357 person-years were observed during which 21 825 deaths occurred. Compared with population controls, patients with PsA did not have an increased risk of mortality after adjusting for age and sex (disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) users: HR 0.94, 95% CI 0.80 to 1.10; DMARD non-users: HR 1.06, 95% CI 0.94 to 1.19) whereas patients with RA had increased mortality (DMARD users: HR 1.59, 95% CI 1.52 to 1.66; DMARD non-users: HR 1.54, 95% CI 1.47 to 1.60). Patients with psoriasis who had not been prescribed a DMARD had a small increased risk of mortality (HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.12) while those who had been prescribed a DMARD, indicating severe psoriasis, were at increased risk (HR 1.75, 95% CI 1.56 to 1.95).

Conclusions Patients with RA and psoriasis have increased mortality compared with the general population but patients with PsA do not have a significantly increased risk of mortality.