Introduction Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) has traditionally been performed in MHC class II Aq-expressing mice, whereas most genetically modified mice are on the C57BL/6 background (expressing the b haplotype of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II region). However, C57BL/6 mice develop arthritis after immunisation with chicken-derived collagen type II (CII), but arthritis susceptibility has been variable, and the immune specificity has not been clarified.
Objective To establish a CIA model on the C57BL/6 background with a more predictable and defined immune response to CII.
Results Both chicken and rat CII were arthritogenic in C57BL/6 mice provided they were introduced with high doses of Mycobacterium tuberculosis adjuvant. However, contaminating pepsin was strongly immunogenic and was essential for arthritis development. H-2b-restricted T cell epitopes on chicken or rat CII could not be identified, but expression of Aq on the C57BL/6 background induced T cell response to the CII260–270 epitope, and also prolonged the arthritis to be more chronic.
Conclusions The putative (auto)antigen and its arthritogenic determinants in C57BL/6 mice remains undisclosed, questioning the value of the model for addressing T cell-driven pathological pathways in arthritis. To circumvent this impediment, we recommend MHC class II congenic C57BL/6N.Q mice, expressing Aq, with which T cell determinants have been thoroughly characterised.
- T Cells
- Autoimmune Diseases