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A pilot study on changes of macrophage-colony stimulating factor and transforming growth factor-beta1 in male patients with ankylosing spondylitis taking thalidomide
  1. Pingting Yang (yangpingting{at}yahoo.com)
  1. Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, China
    1. W G Xiao
    1. Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, China
      1. Ling Qin
      1. Department of Physiology,China Medical University, China
        1. L J Zhao
        1. Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, China
          1. L M He
          1. Department of Microbiology,University of Yamanashi, Japan
            1. M Ito
            1. Department of Microbiology,University of Yamanashi, Japan

              Abstract

              Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a progressive disease of which spinal fusion is the clinical and pathologic hallmark.

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