Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine whether a 3-year treatment with strontium ranelate could delay the progression of spinal osteoarthritis (OA).
Methods: This study was a post-hoc analysis of pooled data from the Spinal Osteoporosis Therapeutic Intervention (SOTI) and TReatment Of Peripheral OSteoporosis (TROPOS) trials performed on 1105 osteoporotic women with concomitant radiological spinal OA at baseline and for whom lumbar x-rays were available at baseline and over the 3-year treatment period. The presence and severity of osteophytes, disc space narrowing, and sclerosis in the lumbar intervertebral spaces was graded according to the method of Lane et al, and an overall OA score was calculated for each intervertebral space. Back pain (measured on a 5-point Likert scale only in SOTI) and health-related quality of life (SF-36 questionnaire) were assessed at baseline and after 3 years. Patients who suffered an incident or progressive vertebral fracture during the study were excluded from the analysis.
Results: Strontium ranelate, compared with placebo, reduced by 42% the proportion of patients with worsening overall spinal OA score (RR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.42-0.79; P=0.0005). Significantly more patients in the strontium ranelate group experienced an improvement in back pain after 3 years, compared with placebo (P=0.03), while no significant difference was observed in terms of health-related quality of life between these patients groups.
Conclusion: The results of this post-hoc analysis suggest that strontium ranelate could reduce radiographic spinal OA progression and back pain in osteoporotic women with prevalent spinal OA.
- back pain
- strontium ranelate