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Recommendations for the content and conduct of EULAR Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Courses
  1. Esperanza Naredo (esnaredo{at}eresmas.com)
  1. Rheumatology, Hospital Severo Ochoa, Madrid, Spain
    1. Johannes WJ Bijlsma (j.w.j.bijlsma{at}umcutrecht.nl)
    1. Rheumatology & Clinical Immunology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
      1. Philip G Conaghan (p.conaghan{at}leeds.ac.uk)
      1. Academic Section of Musculoskeletal Disease, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
        1. Carlos Acebes
        1. Rheumatology, Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, Spain
          1. Peter Balint
          1. National Institute of Rheumatology and Physiotherapy, Budapest, Hungary
            1. Hilde Berner Hammer
            1. Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway
              1. George AW Bruyn
              1. Rheumatology, Medisch Centrum Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden, Netherlands
                1. Paz Collado
                1. Rheumatology, Hospital Severo Ochoa, Madrid, Spain
                  1. Maria Antonietta D'Agostino
                  1. Rheumatology, Ambroise Paré Hospital, UVSQ University, Boulogne Billancourt, France
                    1. Juan J de Agustin
                    1. Rheumatology, Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
                      1. Eugenio de Miguel
                      1. Rheumatology, Hospital La Paz, Madrid, Spain
                        1. Emilio Filippucci
                        1. Rheumatology, Universitá Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy
                          1. Walter Grassi
                          1. Rheumatology, Universitá Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy
                            1. Annamaria Iagnocco
                            1. Rheumatology, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
                              1. David Kane
                              1. Rheumatology, Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin, Eire
                                1. Juhani M Koski
                                1. Rheumatology, Mikkeli Central Hospital, Mikkeli, Finland
                                  1. Bernhard Manger
                                  1. 3rd Medical Department, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany
                                    1. Lucía Mayordomo
                                    1. Rheumatology, Hospital de Valme, Sevilla, Spain
                                      1. Ingrid Möller
                                      1. Rheumatology, Instituto Poal, Barcelona, Spain
                                        1. Carmen Moragues
                                        1. Rheumatology, Hospital de Bellvitge, Barcelona, Spain
                                          1. Eduardo Rejón
                                          1. Rheumatology, Hospital de Valme, Sevilla, Spain
                                            1. Marcin Szkudlarek
                                            1. Rheumatology, University of Copenhagen, Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
                                              1. Lene Terslev
                                              1. Rheumatology, The Parker Institute, Frederiksberg Hospital, Frederiksberg, Denmark
                                                1. Jacqueline Uson
                                                1. Rheumatology, Hospital de Mostoles, Madrid, Spain
                                                  1. Richard J Wakefield
                                                  1. Academic Section of Musculoskeletal Disease, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
                                                    1. Wolfgang A Schmidt (schmidt.wa{at}t-online.de)
                                                    1. Medical Centre for Rheumatology Berlin-Buch, Berlin, Germany

                                                      Abstract

                                                      Objective: To develop education guidelines for the conduct of future EULAR musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) courses.

                                                      Methods: We undertook a consensus-based, iterative process using two consecutive questionnaires sent to 29 senior ultrasonographer rheumatologists who comprised the faculty of the 14th EULAR ultrasound course (June 2007). The first questionnaire encompassed the following issues: type of MSUS educational model; course timing; course curriculum; course duration; number of participants per teacher in practical sessions; time spent on hands-on sessions; and the requirements and/or restrictions for attendance at the courses. The second questionnaire consisted of questions related to areas where consensus had not been achieved in the first questionnaire, and to the topics and pathologies to be assigned to different educational levels.

                                                      Results: The response rate was 82.7% from the first questionnaire and 87.5% from the second questionnaire. The respondents were from 11 European countries. The group consensus on guidelines and curriculum was for a three level education model (basic, intermediate and advanced) with timing and location related to the annual EULAR Congresses. The topics and pathologies to be included in each course were agreed. The course duration will be 20 hours. There will be a maximum of 6 participants per teacher and 50-60% of total time will be spent on practical sessions. There was also agreement on pre-requisite experience before attending the intermediate and advanced courses.

                                                      Conclusion: We have developed European agreed guidelines for the content and conduct of EULAR ultrasound courses, which may also be recommended to national and local MSUS training programmes.

                                                      • courses
                                                      • education
                                                      • musculoskeletal ultrasound
                                                      • training

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