Background Low Back Pain (LBP) is a very common health problem that affects people of all ages. It has been observed that the increase in lumbar stabilization is effective in reducing back pain risk. A combination of local and global stability system is used to describe to core stability which is a key factor for enhancing lumbar stabilization. Exercise training focused on these groups of muscles could contribute to pain alleviation and spinal functional improvement.
Objectives The aim of the study was to define relationship between core stabilization and low back pain in young people who were suffering from low back pain.
Methods 290 individuals (144 male, 146 female), between 18 and 25 years of age were included in this study. Disability arising from low back pain was identified by using the Oswestry disability index, consisting of 10 questions with 6 choices (0–5 points for each question). The higher score is associated with more low back pain. The period of core stabilization was determined using Plank test in which the body is stand flat from shoulder to heels on foot and forearm and Side Plank test in which sitting on the forearm and standing on one side of the body with the legs parallel and the feet perpendicular and the body is held flat from the shoulder to the heels. The duration of ability to maintain Plank test was measured by a chronometer. Spearman correlation test used for statistical analyzing.
Results In this study, the average of Plank test duration was 76.9±44.2 (sec), while the mean of the Side Plank test duration was 43.9±28.2 (sec) and Oswestry disability index total score was 6.3±5.5. A weak negative correlation was found between the Plank test and the Oswestry disability index (p=0,03; r =-0,111). And negatively correlated between the Side Plank and the Oswestry disability index (p>0.05). On the other hand, there was a positively modarate correlation between the Plank test and the Side Plank test (p=0,00; r =0,656). There was a weak negative correlation between age and Oswestry disability index (p=0,014; r =- 0,151).
Conclusions Results of the study indicated that increasing the duration of stabilization reduces the low back pain. For this reason, core muscles deserve a great deal of interest in order to reduce the problem of low back pain which is common among young population.
Kibler, W. Ben, Joel Press, and Aaron Sciascia. The role of core stability in athletic function. Sports medicine 36.3 (2006): 189–198.
Zazulak, Bohdanna T., et al. The effects of core proprioception on knee injury: a prospective biomechanical-epidemiological study. The American journal of sports medicine (2007).
Disclosure of Interest None declared