Background Bone and joint involvement in tuberculosis is uncommon. Wile osteoarticular tuberculosis most commonly occurs in the vertebral column, less frequently affected sites are the hip, knee and sacroiliac joints. The multifocal form of skeletal tuberculosis is exceptional.
Objectives To evaluate the clinical and diagnostic features of osteoarticular tuberculosis.
Methods We reviewed the files of all patients admitted to our department from 2000 to 2015 with a diagnosis of osteoarticular tuberculosis.
Results We identified 119 patients (52 men, 67 female), having osteoarticular tuberculosis lesions. Mean age was 43 years [21–82]. Diagnosis delay was 4 months. Pain, low-grade fever and loss of weight were the most common presenting symptoms. All the patients consulted because of pain. The spine was involved in 81 patients. Peripheral osteoarticular tuberculosis was diagnostic in 38 cases, mainly in the knee (21 cases). Five patients have a multifocal involvement of the osteoarticular tuberculosis. The tuberculin skin test was positive in 75% of the cases. The diagnosis of spondylodiscitis was provided by CT-scan and /or magnetic resonance imaging. Paraspinal and epidural abscesses has been reported in 11 cases. Bacteriological and /or pathological diagnosis was made in 72 cases (60.5%). The Quantiferon test was done in 7 cases and was positive. The antibiotic treatment led to recovery in all cases. Tree patients have presented neurological signs.
Conclusions Our results were similar to those of the literature. Elderly population was especially at risk. The idiagnosis can be delayed espacially in negative investigations. Therefore it is recommendable to do a very large screening tests especially in endemic areas.
Disclosure of Interest None declared