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SAT0402 Frequency and HLA phenotype of reactive arthritis, uveitis, and conjunctivitis in japanese patients with bladder cancer following intravesical BCG therapy: a 20-year, two-center retrospective study
  1. H Nishikawa1,
  2. Y Taniguchi1,
  3. K Inoue1,
  4. Y Yoshinaga2,
  5. Y Terada1
  1. 1Kochi Medical school, Nankoku
  2. 2Kurashiki Medical center, Kurashiki, Japan

Abstract

Background Intravesical instillation of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (iBCG) is used as an effective immunotherapy of bladder cancer. However it may have, as adverse event, a reactive arthritis (ReA) and the frequencies are known as about 0.5 to 1% in Western countries.

Objectives To evaluate the frequencies and HLA phenotype of reactive arthritis (ReA), uveitis, conjunctivitis and other adverse events in Japanese patients with bladder cancer following iBCG therapy.

Methods The clinical findings of Japanese patients who received iBCG (n=555 [250 and 305 in Kochi Medical School Hospital {KMSH} and Kurashiki Medical Center {KMC}, respectively]) for bladder cancer from March 1997 to February 2016 were retrospectively assessed, with specific attention to patients with ReA and conjunctivitis/uveitis. We also looked at human leukocyte antigen (HLA) phenotypes of patients with ReA.

Results Patient age was 73±10 and 70±11 years and male/female ratio was 198/52 and 240/65 in KMSH and KMC, respectively. 91/555 (16.4%), 121/555 (21.8%), and 196/555 (35.3%) of all enrolled patients presented with fever, haematuria, and dysuria, respectively. Of the 555 cases, ReA, uveitis and conjunctivitis were revealed in 11/555 (2.0%), 4/555 (0.7%) and 33/555 (5.9%), respectively. The frequency and the protocol of iBCG therapy were stable over the 20 years. Notably, HLA-B27, -B35, -B39 and -B51 positivity was more frequent in ReA patients (9.1%, 36.3%, 36.3% and 63.6%, respectively) (p<0.05) than in healthy subjects without ReA (0.3%, 8.3%, 4.0% and 9.1%, respectively).

Conclusions The 2.0% ReA frequency in iBCG-treated Japanese patients exceeds that in Western countries. HLA phenotype, especially HLA-B51 and -B39 alleles in addition to -B27, may be a risk factor in iBCG-induced ReA in Japanese patients.

Disclosure of Interest None declared

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