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SAT0072 Dose reduction of baricitinib in patients with rheumatoid arthritis achieving sustained disease control: results of a prospective study
  1. T Takeuchi1,
  2. M Genovese2,
  3. B Haraoui3,
  4. L Xie4,
  5. R Klar5,
  6. A Luisa Pinto Correia4,
  7. T Rooney4,
  8. S Otawa4,
  9. JS Smolen6
  1. 1Keio University, Tokyo, Japan
  2. 2Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, United States
  3. 3Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada
  4. 4Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis
  5. 5Quintiles IMS Holdings, Inc, Durham, United States
  6. 6Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Abstract

Background In patients (pts) with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and inadequate response (IR) to DMARDs, ph3 studies demonstrated efficacy of baricitinib (bari) (2mg and 4mg). Larger, more rapid treatment effects were observed for bari 4mg.

Objectives To investigate the effects of bari dose step-down in pts who achieved sustained disease control with bari 4mg.

Methods Pts with RA who completed a bari ph3 study could enter a long-term extension (LTE) study. In the LTE, pts who received bari 4mg for ≥15 months and who achieved sustained low disease activity ([LDA]-CDAI score ≤10) or remission (CDAI ≤2.8) at 2 consecutive visits ≥3 months apart were re-randomised in a blinded manner to continue bari 4mg or step down to 2mg. Patients could rescue (to bari 4mg) if CDAI >10. Efficacy and safety were assessed through 48 weeks (wks) following re-randomisation.

Results Among pts who achieved sustained disease control with bari 4mg, dose reduction to 2mg resulted in significant increases in disease activity at 12, 24, and 48 wks; however, the majority of pts in both groups maintained the state of LDA or remission. Rescue rates were 7.3% for bari 4mg, 17.1% for bari 2mg. Most rescued patients could regain LDA or remission. Dose reduction was associated with a lower rate of non-serious infections; rates of SAEs and AEs leading to discontinuation were similar across groups.

Table 1

Conclusions These data indicate that 4mg once daily was the most efficacious dose of bari for pts with RA; increases in disease activity were consistently seen with dose reduction from 4mg to 2mg in well-controlled pts. However, after step-down most pts could maintain LDA or remission, or recapture control with return to 4mg if needed. Attempted dose taper may be a reasonable consideration for some pts following induction of sustained disease control with bari 4mg.

Disclosure of Interest T. Takeuchi Consultant for: Pfizer Japan, Astra Zeneca KK, Eli Lilly Japan KK, Novartis Pharma KK, Daiichi Sankyo Ltd, Nipponkayaku Ltd, Janssen Pharma KK, Merck Serono Ltd, Takeda Pharma Ltd, Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma, Astellas Pharma, Abbvie GK, Bristol-Myers KK, Asahi Kasei Medical KK, Speakers bureau: Celtrion, Nipponkayaku Ltd, Pfizer Japan, UCB Japan, Daiichi Sankyo Ltd, Takeda Pharma Ltd, Chugai Pharma Ltd, Abbvie GK, Bristol-Myers KK, Eisai Co Ltd, Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma, Janssen Pharma KK, Astellas Pharma, M. Genovese Grant/research support from: Eli Lilly and Company, Abbvie, Astellas, Galapagos, Pfizer, Vertex, Consultant for: Eli Lilly and Company, Abbvie, Astellas, Galapagos, Pfizer, Vertex, B. Haraoui Grant/research support from: Amgen, BMS, UCB, Consultant for: Abbvie, Amgen, BMS, Celgene, Janssen, Eli Lilly and Company, Pfizer, Roche, UCB, Speakers bureau: Pfizer, UCB, L. Xie Employee of: Eli Lilly and Company, R. Klar Employee of: Quintiles IMS Holdings, Inc., A. Luisa Pinto Correia Employee of: Eli Lilly and Company, T. Rooney Shareholder of: Eli Lilly and Company, Employee of: Eli Lilly and Company, S. Otawa Employee of: Eli Lilly and Company, J. Smolen Grant/research support from: from Abbvie, Janssen, Eli Lilly and Company, MSD, Pfizer, Roche, Consultant for: Abbvie, Amgen, Astra-Zeneca, Astro, BMS, Celgene, Celltrion, Chugai, Gilead, Glaxo, ILTOO, Janssen, Eli Lilly and Company, Medimmune, MSD, Novartis-Sandoz, Pfizer, Roche, Samsung, Sanofi, UCB, Speakers bureau: Abbvie, Amgen, Astra-Zeneca, Astro, BMS, Celgene, Celltrion, Chugai, Gilead, Glaxo, ILTOO, Janssen, Eli Lilly and Company, Medimmune, MSD, Novartis-Sandoz, Pfizer, Roche, Samsung, Sanofi, UCB

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