Background Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized systemic inflammatory disease with multi-organ involvement . Diagnostically, two of the most important hallmarks of IgG4-RD are high IgG4-positive plasma cell (PC) counts and high IgG4/IgG ratios in affected organs. Although the International consensus statement (ICS) on the pathology of IgG4-RD adopted different IgG4-positive PC counts among affected organs for the diagnosis to differentiate IgG4-RD mimickers from IgG4-RD , histological and immunohistochemical findings of the specimens from not only one but multiple organs in the same patient has not been evaluated.
Objectives This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic sensitivity of the cutoff values of IgG4-positive PC number and IgG4-positive/CD138-positive cell ratio proposed by the International consensus statement (ICS) on the pathology of IgG4-RD in typical multiple lesions of patients with IgG4-RD.
Methods We evaluated IgG4-positive PC number and IgG4-positive/CD138-positive cell ratio in 35 samples from 16 IgG4-RD patients having more than two typical lesions of IgG4-RD.
Results We evaluated twelve submandibular, eleven ophthalmic, four skin, four kidney, two pancreatic, and one bronchus and prostate lesion each in 16 patients with typical clinical, serological, and radiographic features. Concerning IgG4+ PC number per high power field, most ophthalmic (8/11), kidney (4/4), pancreatic (2/2), and bronchial lesions (1/1) fulfilled the cutoff value of ICS, whereas many of the submandibular (5/12) and skin lesions (0/4) did not. In contrast to the absolute number, almost all lesions fulfilled the cutoff value of IgG4+/CD138+ cell ratio. In five cases, only one or two lesions in the same patient fulfilled the cutoff value of ICS, while the others did not.
Conclusions These results suggest that ICS criteria have different sensitivities among the affected organs in diagnosing IgG4-RD.
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Deshpande V, et al. Consensus statement on the pathology of IgG4-related disease. Mod Pathol. 2012;25:1181–92.
Disclosure of Interest None declared