Background Osteoporosis (OP) is a generalized skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength and deterioration of bone quality, often leading to fragility. Elderly osteoporosis is being public health problem that highly affects people especially above 65 years. Physiotheraphy and rehabilitation programs are important in the prevention and management of osteoporosis. Exercises improve mobility in elder inpatient by increasing activity, muscular strength, flexibility, and reducing the risk of falls and length of stay in hospital.
Objectives The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of physiotherapy and rehabilitation program on mobility, physical activity and quality of life in elderly inpatient.
Methods A hundred and twenty four patient with OP (mean age: 73,03±5,9) participated in this study. A total of patients who were randomized as study and control group followed by Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine Department of Physiotheraphy and Rehabiltation, Geriatric Rehabilitation Unit were, were included to the study. Assessment for cognitive function (Mini Mental State Test), functional mobility (De Morton Mobility Index), activities of daily living (Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living), quality of life (EuroQol-5D) were used at admission and discharge in hospital. Thirty minutes physiotherapy and rehabilitation program including breathing, balance and coordination and strengthening exercises was performed by the intervention group under supervision of physiotherapist during the stay in hospital. Control group did not special exercise, they continued their activities of daily living. exercise. Length of stay in hospital of all participant was recorded.
Results Sixty two patients were randomly assigned to the each group.The groups were similar in sociodemographical feature (p>0.05). Improvements in mobility, quality of life and daily physical activity levels were found in the study group (p<0.05). There were no significant differences between control and intervention group in length of stay in hospital (p>0.05).
Conclusions These results revealed the necessity of physiotherapy and rehabilitation program to prevent negative effects of the hospitalization process of the geriatric patients with osteoporosis.
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Curran, E., Clifford, S., Forman, S., & Power, D. (2014, September). Screening of Osteoporosis Treatment in Patients Presenting with Fragility Fractures in a Geriatric Active Rehab Unit. In Irish Journal Of Medical Science (Vol. 183, Pp. S334-S335). 236 Grays Inn Rd, 6th Floor, London Wc1x 8hl, England: Springer London Ltd.
Disclosure of Interest None declared