Background Lowback pain is a common problem whichincreasefinancialburden of government (1).The incidence of back pain that can be seen in every part of society is also high in drivers (2). We haven't seen any investigation about low back pain of Turkish drivers in literature. We thought that it should be research because of changeable ethnic differences.
Objectives The aim of our study was to determine the rate of lowback pain and it'srelationshipbetweenquality of life in drivers.
Methods Intercity and municipalitydriversof Istanbul and Yalova, participated in our study.Itwasdesigned as cross-sectional and complementarytype. Inclusioncriteriawerevolunteerforthis study and driving at least eight hours per day, being a driver for at least three years. Those with congenital deformities, having an accident history and doing an additional job were excluded from this study. After getting drivers' demographic data, “Oswestry Low Back Disability Questionnaire” forlowback pain and “Nottingham Health Profile” forhealthquality of life weresurveyedface to face. Chi-square and Spearman'scorelationnon-parametric test in the SPSS statistics programwereusedforstatistical analysis in this study.
Results All of the 261 people who participated in this study were male. Their mean of age, weekly working hours and working year were 43±9.28, 50±13.09 and 18±1.04, respectively. %50 of participantshavelowback pain and those of 43%reported that jobsatisfactionwasaffecteddue to pain. Itwasdetermined that 10% of participants, whosejobsatisfactionwereaffected, didn'tapply the medicaldoctor. While there was a significant relationship between low back pain and quality of life (p=0.000); there was no relationship between these two parameters and age and working year (p>0.05). It was determined that applying to medical doctor (p=0.02) and drug use rate (p=0.015) increased if the painful period lasted longer.
Conclusions Low back pain affects quality of life related to health status. In this study, it was seen that the incidence of low back pain was high in long-distance drivers and affected job satisfaction in a great way. We think that the rates of drug use and medication usage can be reduced by increasing leisure time activity before increasing the severity of back pain and lengthening painful period. In addition, half of this occupation group is influenced by low back pain and once again it has been shown that waist schools should be expanded in our country.
Hoy, D.,Brooks, P., Blyth, F., andBuchbinder, R. The Epidemiology of LowBack Pain. Best Practice andResearchClinicalRheumatology. 2010; 24(6): 769–781.
Anderson, Robert. The Back Pain of Bus Drivers: Prevalencein an Urban Area of California. Spine. 1992; 17(12); 1481–1488.
Disclosure of Interest None declared