Background Non-bacterial Osteomyelitis (NBO) is a sterile inflammatory bone disorder of unknown etiology. It typically affects children and most commonly presents with bone pain and/or swelling.
Objectives The aim of study is to evaluate clinical and laboratory features of non-bacterial osteomyelitis in children.
Methods Our retrospective – prospective study was included 91 patients with NBO. A routine blood test (WBC, platelets, ESR, C-reactive protein (CRP) and hemoglobin levels), a radiological examination and a bone biopsy with evaluation bacteriological and morphological data were performed in all patients.
Results The mean age of onset NBO was 7.3 years (2.5; 10.6). We did not reveal any gender peculiarities in our study. Family history of immune-mediated diseases is found in 5/75 (6.7%) in prospective group. Concomitant immune-mediated diseases were noted in 62/89 (68.1%). Diagnostic delay was 6.3 (2.0; 17.8) months. The radiological examination was performed in the following ratio: X-rays - 91 (100.0%), CT - 79 (86.8%), MRI - 66 (72.5), including MRI “whole body” with 15 pts, bone scintigraphy - 54 (59.3%). Monofocal form was registered in 1/3 cases. 2/3 cases was presented as a typical multifocal process with predominant involvement femur - 37 (40.7%), bone of foot - 36 (39.6%), tibia - 33 (36.3%), spine – 29 (31.9%). The number of foci is 3.0 (1.0; 6.0). We did not revealed any significant differences in quantity of WBC, platelets, hemoglobin level, ESR, CRP). Evidence confirming NBO was a negative bone biopsy in 100.0% cases. However, morphological data were as non-specific, as granulomatous inflammation.
Conclusions NBO is determined as a primarily chronic multifocal process without specific clinical and laboratory peculiarities, associated with immune-mediated diseases. Diagnose must be established on morphological and bacteriological data bone biopsy.
Disclosure of Interest None declared