Background 99Tc-MDP has been used in Chinese RA patients for over 15 years and many more studies have focused on this agent in RA. However, the previous studies limited in its effect on the effects of anti-inflammation. As a special form of bisphosphonate, the anti-osteoporotic effect of 99Tc-MDP is unclear.
Objectives To systematically investigate the effect of technetium-99 conjugated with methylene diphosphonate (99Tc-MDP), an anti-inflammatory drug effective in treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA), on cortical and cancellous bones in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporotic (GIO) rats, as well as comparing the effect of 99Tc-MDP with that of methylene diphosphonate (MDP).
Methods Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into six groups: blank, negative control, high dose, medium dose, low dose, and positive control groups. After dexamethasone was given to all groups except the blank group to induce osteoporosis, the rats in different groups were treated with saline, MDP, or different doses of
Results Micro-CT analyses showed that: (1) 99Tc-MDP reversed glucocorticoid induced bone microarchitecture destruction by increasing vBMD, BV/TV, Tb.Th, Tb.N and decreasing BS/BV, Tb.Sp and TBPf; (2) effect of 99Tc-MDP increased as its dosage increased; and (3) 99Tc-MDP could improve cortical bone thickness while MDP failed to do so. Micro-CT spatial structure analysis and histology also yielded consistent results, indicating 99Tc-MDP increased trabecular number and connectivity morphologically. Finally, biomechanics revealed 99Tc-MDP can enhance the extrinsic stiffness of bone by changing bone geometry.
Conclusions 99Tc-MDP has anti-osteoporotic effect by improving both cancellous and cortical bone, as well as increasing extrinsic bone stiffness. The dual effect of 99Tc-MDP, anti-inflammatory and anti-osteoporotic, may suggest a potential clinical application for patients with both GIO and RA.
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Acknowledgements We thank Mr. Kai Gao for providing the rats and Dr. Min Feng for assistance in histological processing of the rats. This work was supported by grants from the Natural Science Foundation of China (81501396 to Dr. Lianjie Shi, and 81302554 to Dr. Fanlei Hu).
Disclosure of Interest None declared