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SAT0122 Comorbidities in A Mexican Mestizo Cohort of Patients with Early Rheumatoid Arthritis
  1. L. Pérez-Barbosa1,
  2. I.J. Colunga-Pedraza1,
  3. J.C. Riega-Torres1,
  4. R.I. Arvizu-Rivera2,
  5. A. Martínez-Moreno3,
  6. F.J. Torres-Quintanilla2,
  7. M.A. Garza-Elizondo1
  1. 1Rheumatology
  2. 2Internal Medicine
  3. 3Cardiology, Hospital Universitario, UANL, Monterrey, Mexico

Abstract

Background Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at an increased risk of comorbidities and it has been linked to a decrease in life expectancy in comparison with the general population. Early recognition and treatment of comorbidities is important.

Objectives We aimed to evaluate the presence of comorbidities in a Mexican mestizo cohort of patients with early-RA.

Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional study of patients with early-rheumatoid arthritis (disease duration <12 months) was designed. Information on comorbidities, weight, height and body mass index (BMI) was collected.

Results Data of fifty patients was included in the final analysis, 46 (92.0%) of them were women. Patient's characteristics are shown in Table 1. Mean age was 44.3 ± 13.12 years. Mean disease duration was 6.09 ± 2.91 months. Tuberculosis (TB) infection was found in 12 (24.0%) patients, 7 (58.3%) of them were latent tuberculosis infection. Four cases of extra-pulmonary TB were reported. Hypertension was the second most prevalent comorbidity, being reported in 11 (22.0%) patients.

Conclusions In this cohort of Mexican mestizo patients with early-RA, TB infection was found in 24.0% of the patients. Hypertension was the second most prevalent comorbidity in our cohort, being reported in 22.0% of the patients. Other cardiovascular heart disease risk factors were also reported. Early recognition of these comorbidities is needed because of the higher risk of cardiovascular heart disease in RA-patients in comparison to the general population.

  1. Emery, P., Breedveld, F. C., Dougados, M., Kalden, J. R., Schiff, M. H., & Smolen, J. S. (2002). Early referral recommendation for newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis: evidence based development of a clinical guide. Annals of the rheumatic diseases, 61(4), 290–297.

Disclosure of Interest None declared

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