Background Increasing activity and improving function are valuable parameters to prevent disability (1,2). The relationship between the functional impairment in depression and the activities of daily living was well known in terms of the quality of life in chronic diseases (3). However, studies comparing these effects on various rheumatic diseases were not sufficient.
Objectives This study was conducted to compare the effects of depression and activities of daily living on quality of life for the patients with two different rheumatic diseases (Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)).
Methods 265 patients with AS and 111 patients with RA were included in the study. The demographic data were collected for two groups. Mean age of the study group was 39.88±13.33. All patients were evaluated with disease-specific questionnaires according to their diseases. The patients with AS were asked to fill the Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (ASQoL) for quality of life, and the Rheumatoid Arthritis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RAQoL) were used for RA patients. Beck Depression Index (BDI) was used to assess depression levels of the subjects, and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) to assess activities of daily living in both groups.
Results A mild and positive correlation was found between HAQ (p<0.001, r=0,564), BDI (p<0.001, r=0.477) and RAQoL scores. Similarly, a mild and positive correlation was found between HAQ (p<0.001, r=0.513), BDI (p<0.001, r=0.443) and ASQoL scores. In all patients, there was a fair-mild positive correlation between HAQ and BDI scores (p<0.001, r=0.350) (Table 1).
Conclusions It is concluded that the depression level and the activities of daily living has similar effects on the quality of life for RA and AS patients. Also depression should be taken into consideration in both rheumatic diseases.
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Disclosure of Interest None declared