Nanotechnology has improved the medical world broadly rheumatology specifically through a number of innovative applications used to enhance diagnostics through imaging and therapeutics through enhanced drug delivery. In order to have a better understanding of nanomedicine, however it is helpful to review the basic chemistry and quantum physics that serve as the basic fundamental science of this technology. The building blocks of the nanoworld are atoms as well as the electromagnetic forces between them are the basic forces that give nanomaterials their properties These atoms, in particular carbon, are then shaped into a variety of structures including buckyballs, carbon nanotubes and nanowires that comprise much of todays nanotechnology. In addition thermal agitation as well as cohesion between atoms and molecules serve critical roles in contributing to unique nanomaterial characteristics. Finally, light, namely viewed as a stream of particles called photons, plays a critical role in nanomedicine. Electron microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy are only two examples of exploiting photons at the nanoscale in order to enhance the role of nanomedicine in medical imaging.
Disclosure of Interest None declared