Background IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized systemic inflammatory disorder that can affect many organs . It frequently causes various renal lesions, which are collectively referred to as IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD) . In this disease, focal or diffuse renal cortical atrophy is often observed in the clinical course after corticosteroid (CS) therapy . However, the factors related to such renal atrophy have not been well clarified.
Objectives To clarify the factors related to renal atrophy after CS therapy in IgG4-RKD.
Methods We retrospectively evaluated clinical features including laboratory data, computed tomography (CT) findings before and after CS therapy in 22 patients diagnosed with IgG4-RKD based on the diagnostic criteria for IgG4-RKD , all of whom were followed up for more than 20 months.
Results Sixteen patients were men, and six were women (average age 61.5 years). Average follow-up period was 52.4 months (range 20-93). At diagnosis, their serum IgG4 level was 1043±531 mg/dL, and 7 patients showed hypocomplementemia. The average estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 67.9 mL/min/1.73m2. All patients had extra-renal organ involvement. Multiple low-density lesions (LDLs) on contrast-enhanced CT were observed before CS therapy in all patients. All patients were treated with prednisolone (PSL) at an average initial dose of 35.5±8.4 mg/day (range 20-50), and showed disappearance or reduction of LDLs. At least a part of LDLs resulted in partial renal cortical atrophy in 13 patients (Group A), whereas complete recovery with normal contrast enhancement without a residual cortical scar was achieved in 9 patients (Group B). Pre-treatment eGFR in Group A was significantly lower than that in Group B (60.2±23.4 mL/min/1.73m2 vs 79.0±19.4 mL/min/1.73m2, P=0.035), and the percentage of patients with less than 70 mL/min/1.73m2 of eGFR in Group A was significantly higher than that in Group B (69.2% vs 22.2%, P=0.040). None of the other factors including age, gender, number of involved organs, serum IgG4 and complement levels, initial dose of PSL, renal function after therapy, recurrence rate of renal lesions, prevalence of diabetes mellitus or hypertension, and follow-up period significantly differed between the two groups.
Conclusions The present study suggests that pre-treatment renal insufficiency may relate to renal atrophy after CS therapy in IgG4-RKD. Whether an early initiation of therapy before renal function declines would prevent the development of renal atrophy remains to be clarified through a larger-scale prospective study.
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Disclosure of Interest None declared
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