Background Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is a form of glomerular disease characterized by microhaematuria. Pathological analysis of renal biopsy is the gold standard for the diagnosis and assessment of disease activity. Association between IgAN and rheumatic conditions has been reported, but the pathophysiological links are unclear.
Objectives To determine the frequency, clinical features, laboratory data, treatment and clinical outcome of IgAN in patients with rheumatic conditions.
Methods Design: retrospective (1984–2014). Hospital: tertiary academic hospital. Referral area: 850,000 inhabitants. From a total diagnostic population of 2,754 patients seen by the Rheumatology Department at our centre, we selected patients with a histological diagnosis of IgAN and excluded patients with a diagnosis of gout and osteoporosis.
Results Seven (0.025%) patients had a diagnosis of IgAN, all of them male: by rheumatic condition, 2 (0.009%) of 1,110 patients with RA, 2 (0.69%) of 287 with ankylosing spondylitis, 1 (0.17%) of 558 with psoriatic arthritis, 1 (0.1%) of 13 with undifferentiated connective tissue disease, and 1 (0.2%) of 450 with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. Median age at diagnosis of IgAN and rheumatic condition was 46.7 and 37 years, respectively (range 37–54/18–67). Mean disease duration was 15.4 years.
At presentation, IgAN was suspected by the presence of haematuria (100%), renal failure (100%) or nephritic range proteinuria (28.6%). Mean values of creatinine and 24-hour proteinuria were 1.85 mg/dL and 8.1 g, respectively. Six (85.7%) of the 7 IgAN patients had arterial hypertension. Three (42.85%) patients underwent dialysis after a mean disease duration of 5.6 years (range 2–11), and kidney transplantation was required after 9–25 months. One (14.2%) patient died 7 years after IgAN diagnosis due to pulmonary sepsis at 60 years old.
The clinical and analytical parameters are described in Table 1.
Conclusions The frequency of IgAN in our total patient sample was 0.025%. The primary abnormal manifestation IgAN is recurring bouts of haematuria. There was a marked male predominance. The predominant clinical picture was nephrotic syndrome, haematuria and arterial hypertension.
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Disclosure of Interest None declared