Background Acne vulgaris is a widespread inflammatory disease of skin. Among the general population, acne occurs in about 80% of teenagers and 25% of adults.1 Many factors such as stress, genetic predisposition, bacterial infections, hormonal disorders, cosmetics, sun exposure, smoking or diet can cause acne.2 According to our knowledge, by this time, fibromyalgia syndrome-related clinical symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disorders or anxiety have been addressed in patients with acne vulgaris.3,4 But, fibromyalgia syndrome has not been addressed.
Objectives The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency of fibromyalgia syndrome and specify fibromyalgia syndrome-associated clinical symptoms in patients with acne vulgaris.
Methods Eighty-eight (60 females, 28 males) patients with acne vulgaris were enrolled in this study. In addition,76 age and gender-matched healthy controls (62 females, 14 males) were included in the study. Acne vulgaris was evaluated using Global Acne Scale. Diagnosis of fibromyalgia syndrome was determined using The American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria for the classification of fibromyalgia. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used for evaluation of anxiety.
Results There was no significant difference in age, gender or body mass index between two groups. The fibromyalgia syndrome frequency, sleep disturbance, anxiety, menstrual cycle disturbance and mean tender point counts were significantly greater among the acne patients relative to the controls. Although widespread body pain, fatigue, arthralgia, irritable bowel syndrome were more common among the acne patients, there were no significant differences between the acne patients and controls.
Conclusions The results of our study showed that fibromyalgia syndrome frequency is greater among acne vulgaris patients in comparison to control subjects.
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Disclosure of Interest None declared
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