Background Previous report has suggested that hyperuricemia and gout must be integrated into the metabolic syndrome items
Objectives To evaluate the association between gout and metabolic syndrome in a sub-Saharan Cameroonian population
Methods A cross-sectional study from January 2004 to December 2014 was conducted in the Rheumatology Unit of the General Hospital, Douala, Cameroon. We included patients with diagnosis of gout according to 1977 ACR criteria. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the NCEP -ATP III criteria
Results We included 511 patients (415 men and 96 women). The mean age was 55.9±10.8 years. The mean serum uric acid was 82.4 mg/L ±22.3, with hyperuricemia found in 401 patients (78.4%). The association between gout and items of metabolic syndrome were all significant (p<0.0001) (Table 1). This association was significant from the existence of at least two components of metabolic syndrome (Table 2).
Conclusions Gout is associated with metabolic syndrome in the Cameroonian population
Disclosure of Interest None declared