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AB0920 Metabolic Syndrome in Patients with Gout in Cameroon, Central Africa
  1. F. Kemta Lekpa,
  2. M.S. Doualla,
  3. S. Choukem,
  4. H.N. Luma
  1. Rheumatology, Douala General Hospital, Douala, Cameroon

Abstract

Background Previous report has suggested that hyperuricemia and gout must be integrated into the metabolic syndrome items

Objectives To evaluate the association between gout and metabolic syndrome in a sub-Saharan Cameroonian population

Methods A cross-sectional study from January 2004 to December 2014 was conducted in the Rheumatology Unit of the General Hospital, Douala, Cameroon. We included patients with diagnosis of gout according to 1977 ACR criteria. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the NCEP -ATP III criteria

Results We included 511 patients (415 men and 96 women). The mean age was 55.9±10.8 years. The mean serum uric acid was 82.4 mg/L ±22.3, with hyperuricemia found in 401 patients (78.4%). The association between gout and items of metabolic syndrome were all significant (p<0.0001) (Table 1). This association was significant from the existence of at least two components of metabolic syndrome (Table 2).

Table 1.

Association between gout and items of metabolic syndrome

Table 2.

Association between gout and the number of items of metabolic syndrome

Conclusions Gout is associated with metabolic syndrome in the Cameroonian population

Disclosure of Interest None declared

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