Background One of the most common musculoskeletal diseases, osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by the progressive loss of articular cartilage in synovial joints (1).
One of the first and most widely seen symptoms among patients with knee OA is muscle weakness (2). In the patients with OA, some symptoms like the decrease in the quality of life and in the ability to move, functional limitation in daily life activities might be seen frequently (3).
The taping method is a physiotherapy approach that is recommended by clinic guides for patients with knee osteoarthritis (4).
Objectives While studies investigating the effect of taping applied on patellar tendon in the patients with knee OA are available in the literature, no study investigating the effect of kinesiologic taping applied on quadriceps femoris and hamstring muscles has been found.Our study aim was to investigate the effects of kinesiologic taping applied on two muscle groups on pain, range of motion, muscle strength, postural balance, functionality and effusion in patients with knee OA.
Methods A total of 54 patients with knee OA, who applied to the Private Meditepe Medical Center for treatment, were included in the study between the dates of November, 2012-February, 2013.
Pain levels were measured with a visual analog scale, range of motion was calculated with a universal goniometer, effusion was measured with a tape measure, muscle strength was measured with a digital muscle strength dynamometer, functional condition was measured with a KOOS scale, and postural balance level was taken with a Libra EasyTech Balance device.
Patients were separated into two groups randomly. A total of 28 people were included in the study group, the remaining 26 people were included in the control group.
The treatment started after the first assessment and was applied as 15 sessions for a total of three weeks, five sessions per week.
Results It was found that there were significant improvements in all measurements for post-treatment compared to pre-treatment in the control group (p<0.05). It was also found that there were significant increases in all measurements except hamstring muscle strength value for post-treatment compared to pre-treatment in the study group (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between post-treatment values of two groups (p>0.05).
Conclusions According to the results of the study, kinesiologic taping applied on quadriceps and hamstring muscles in addition to physiotherapy programme has no effect on range of motion, muscle strength, postural balance, pain level, and functionality.
Sezgin M, Erdal ME, Altintas ZM, Ankarali HC, Barlas IO, Turkmen E, Sahin G. Lack of association polymorphisms of the IL1RN, IL1A, and IL1B genes with knee osteoarthritis in Turkish patients. Clin Invest Med. 2007;30(2):E86-92.
Stensrud S, Risberg MA, Roos EM. Knee function and knee muscle strength in middle-aged patients with degenerative meniscal tears eligible for arthroscopic partial meniscectomy. Br J Sports Med. 2012 Dec 14.
Liao CD, Liou TH, Huang YY, Huang YC. Effects of balance training on functional outcome after total knee replacement in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil. 2013 Aug;27(8):697-709.
Page C.J., R.S. Hinman and K.L. Bennell. Physiotherapy Management Of Knee Osteoarthritis. International Journal Of Rheum Dis 2011;14(2): 145-151.
Disclosure of Interest None declared