Background Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) may predate an overt Connective Tissue Disease (CTD) of the “Scleroderma spectrum” such as Systemic sclerosis (SSc). The predictive role of auto-antibodies (auto-Abs) such as ANA for the development of a CTD in patients with isolated RP (i.e. with no other signs or symptoms of CTD) is well known, whereas data regarding the prevalence of anti-ENA in such patients are lacking.
Objectives Our aim was to evaluate the profile of anti-ENA in patients with isolated RP.
Methods Sera were analyzed for anti-ENA by EUROLINE “Scleroderma profile” (antigens: Scl70, CENP A, CENP B, RP11, RP155, fibrillarin (Fib), NOR90, Th/To, PM-Scl100, PM-Scl75, Ku, PDGFR, Ro-52) and “Myosites profile” (antigens: Mi-2, Ku, PM-Scl100, PM-Scl75, Jo-1, SRP, PL-7, PL-12, EJ, OJ, Ro-52) [EUROIMMUN AG Leuback, Germany].
Results A total of 115 adults (105 females and 10 males) with isolated RP were enrolled in two Italian Rheumatology Centers (G. Pini Institute, Milan and Moriggia-Pelascini Hospital, Gravedona) from March 2011 to September 2013. Forty-four of 115 (38.0%) subjects were positive for at least one anti-ENA; 71 out of 110 (61.7%) were negative both for Scleroderma and Myosites profiles (see table 1 and 2).
Conclusions Up to 38% of RP subjects were positive for at least one anti-ENA. The detection of anti-ENA since the first Rheumatologic evaluation may aid the specialist in achieving an earlier diagnosis.
Disclosure of Interest None declared