Objectives To assess the efficacy and safety of Golimumab in patients with refractory uveitis to other anti-TNFα drugs.
Methods Study of patients from a single center with refractory uveitis to previous standard synthetic immunosuppressive drugs and at least 1 anti-TNFα drug. Golimumab was given at the standard dose of 50 mg/sc/month.
Results A total of 25 patients (39 affected eyes) (19 men/6 women); mean age, 32.5±8.9 years (range 11-47); fulfilled the above-mentioned criteria. In 14 cases uveitis was bilateral and in 11 cases it was unilateral. The underlying diseases were spondylarthritis (n=7), psoriatic arthropathy (n=4), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (n=4), sarcoidosis (n=3), Behçet disease (n=2), uveitis associated with HLA-B27 and ulcerative colitis (n=1), pars planitis (n=1) and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (n=1).
Besides oral steroids and before Golimumab onset they had received: intraocular corticosteroids (n=10), methylprednisolone i.v. boluses (n=6), methotrexate (n=20), cyclosporine A (n=6), azathioprine (n=6), adalimumab (n=17), infliximab (n=14), abatacept (n=2) and certolizumab (n=1). Golimumab was started because inefficacy (n=23) and/or toxicity (n=2) to other biologics. Golimumab was used as monotherapy (n=9) or in combination with methotrexate (n=9), azathioprine (n=3), leflunomide (n=2) and mycophenolate (n=2). There was a rapid (from 1st week) and maintained (1st year) improvement of visual acuity, anterior chamber inflammation, vitritis and OCT. The mean OCT improved from 319.9±77.9 μm (baseline) to 270.2±54.8 μm (1st month) (p<0.01) and to 244.3±43.2 μm (1st year) (p=0.02). After a mean follow-up of 13.3±8.3 (range 2-30) months the most important side-effects observed were local erythema in injection area (n=1) and herpes zoster (n=1).
Conclusions Golimumab seems an effective and safe treatment for those patients with uveitis even refractory to other anti-TNFα drugs.
Acknowledgements This study was supported by a grant from “Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias” PI12/00193 (Spain). This work was also partially supported by RETICS Programs, RD08/0075 (RIER) and RD12/0009/0013 from “Instituto de Salud Carlos III” (ISCIII) (Spain).
Disclosure of Interest None declared