Article Text

PDF
Extended Report
Three trajectories of activity limitations in early symptomatic knee osteoarthritis: a 5-year follow-up study
  1. Jasmijn F M Holla1,
  2. Marike van der Leeden1,2,3,
  3. Martijn W Heymans3,4,
  4. Leo D Roorda1,
  5. Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra5,6,
  6. Maarten Boers4,7,
  7. Willem F Lems7,8,
  8. Martijn PM Steultjens9,
  9. Joost Dekker1,2,3,10
  1. 1Amsterdam Rehabilitation Research Centre, Reade, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  2. 2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  3. 3EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  4. 4Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  5. 5Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  6. 6Department of Orthopaedics, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  7. 7Department of Rheumatology, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  8. 8Jan van Breemen Research Institute, Reade, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  9. 9Institute for Applied Health Research and School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
  10. 10Department of Psychiatry, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Jasmijn Holla, Amsterdam Rehabilitation Research Centre, Reade, P.O. Box 58271, Amsterdam 1040 HG, The Netherlands; j.holla{at}reade.nl

Abstract

Objectives Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of activity limitations. The knee OA population is likely to consist of subgroups. The aim of the present study was to identify homogeneous subgroups with distinct trajectories of activity limitations in patients with early symptomatic knee OA and to describe characteristics of these subgroups.

Methods Follow-up data over a period of 5 years of 697 participants with early symptomatic knee OA from the Cohort Hip and Cohort Knee (CHECK) were used. Activity limitations were measured yearly with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index. Latent class growth analyses identified homogeneous subgroups with distinct trajectories of activity limitations. Multivariable regression analyses examined differences in characteristics between the subgroups.

Results Three subgroups were identified. Participants in Subgroup 1 (‘good outcome’; n=330) developed or displayed slight activity limitations over time. Participants in Subgroup 2 (‘moderate outcome’; n=257) developed or displayed moderate activity limitations over time. Participants in subgroup 3 (‘poor outcome’; n=110) developed or displayed severe activity limitations over time. Compared with the ‘good outcome’ subgroup, the ‘moderate outcome’ and ‘poor outcome’ subgroups were characterised by: younger age, higher body mass index, greater pain, bony tenderness, reduced knee flexion, hip pain, osteophytosis, ≥3 comorbidities, lower vitality or avoidance of activities.

Conclusions Based on the 5-year course of activity limitations, we identified homogeneous subgroups of knee OA patients with good, moderate or poor outcome. Characteristics of these subgroups were consistent with existing knowledge on prognostic factors regarding activity limitations, which supports the validity of this classification.

  • Knee Osteoarthritis
  • Epidemiology
  • Rehabilitation

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.