Background Inflammatory back pain (IBP) is one of the main presenting symptoms in spondyloarthropathies (SpA). The prevalence of inflammatory back pain in young people population is unknown. The identification of chronic IBP, starting before age 45 can help diagnose SpA early.
Objectives To determine the prevalence of chronic low back pain and inflammatory back pain in a cohort of young people.
Methods Students were asked to fill out the questionnaire containing questions about low back pain, symptoms duration, all relevant inflammatory back pain parameters (according Calin and ASAS IBP criteria). Overall 3480 questionnaires were completed.
Results The average age of respondents was 24±4,75 years; 76,35% of respondents were females. 1744 (50,1%) students reported having at least one episode of low back pain. 10,3% of all respondents (358), had chronic back pain. From 2657 interviewed 10,6% females had chronic low back pain, from 823 males 9,2%.
72 students (2, 1%) fulfilled ASAS IBP criteria, 48 (1.8%) females, 24 (2.9% males) respectively.101 (2,9%) respondents were defined as suffering inflammatory back pain according Calin criteria, 73 (2,7%) females and 28 (3.4%) males. The difference between prevalence of IBP among genders was not statistically significant.
Conclusions In our study prevalence of inflammatory back pain among young people cohort was 2,1-2,9%, prevalence of chronic back pain – 10,3%. The data suggest that prevalence of inflammatory back pain did not differ significantly between young men and women.
Sieper, J. et al. New criteria for inflammatory back pain in patients with chronic back pain: a real patient exercise by experts from the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS). Ann. Rheum. Dis. 68, 784–788 (2009).
Calin, A. et al. Clinical history as a screening test for ankylosing spondylitis. JAMA 237, 2613–2614 (1977).
Disclosure of Interest None Declared