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AB0646 Intra-articular level of c-reactive protein in diagnosis of prosthetic knee infection
  1. C. Ronde-Oustau1,
  2. M. Antoni1,
  3. J. Gaudias1,
  4. C. Boeri1,
  5. J. Sibilia2,
  6. J.-Y. Jenny1
  1. 1Orthopedic Surgery and Hand Center, Strasbourg Teaching Hospital, Illkirch-Graffenstaden
  2. 2Department of Rheumatology, Strasbourg Teaching Hospital, Strasbourg, France

Abstract

Background Periprosthetic joint infection is a rare but potentially serious complication. In 2012, Parvizi et al. suggested intra-articular C-reactive protein (CRP) could be used as a diagnosis marker of periprosthetic joint infection, with a threshold of 9.5mg/L1.

Objectives The aim of our study was to analyse variations of CRP in synovial fluid between patients with native or prosthetic knee and find a threshold predictive of prosthetic knee infection.

Methods From February to August 2012, 31 patients were included in our study: 10 patients with effusion in their native joint, 11 with aseptic effusion on prosthetic knee, 10 patients with a prosthetic knee infection according to the 2011 Muskuloskeletal Society criteria. All cases underwent joint aspiration. Intra-articular CRP level was determined by nephelometry and compared to seric CRP.

Results Intra-articular CRP level was increased in patients with prosthetic knee infection compared to patients without prosthesis or aseptic prosthesis (respectively 24.4mg/L, 1.91 mg/L, 3.69mg/L; p=0.012, p<0.001). We used ROC curves using intra-articular CRP level from both prosthetic groups. A threshold of 2.78 mg/L might define a possible infection (sensibility 100%, specificity 81.82%), a threshold of 5.37 mg/L might define a probable infection (sensibility 90%, specificity 90.91%). Area under curve were not different for intra-articular CRP level (0.90) and seric CRP level (0.98).

Conclusions Our study showed that intra-articular CRP level could be a useful marker of prosthetic knee infection. The exact usefulness of this marker for the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection needs to be more precisely evaluated on a larger cohort.

  1. Parvizi J, McKenzie JC, Cashman JP. J Arthroplasty. 2012 Sep;27(8 Suppl):12-6

Disclosure of Interest None Declared

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