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FRI0175 Anti-drug-antibodies but not igg-4 antibodies against tnf blockers influence the activity of anti-tnf drugs in rheumatoid arthritis
  1. M. Benucci1,
  2. M. Infantino2,
  3. M. Manfredi2,
  4. B. Olivito2,
  5. P. Sarzi-Puttini3,
  6. F. Atzeni3
  1. 1Internal Medicine Ospedale S.Giovanni Di Dio, Rheumatology Unit
  2. 2Medicine Hospital S.Giovanni di Dio, Immunology and Allergology Laboratory, Florence
  3. 3L. Sacco University Hospital, Rheumatology Unit, Milan, Italy

Abstract

Background Anti-TNF drugs have changed the clinical course of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the survival rate and the resistance to the therapy showed that about 30% of RA patients fail to respond to these drugs.

Objectives The aim of our study was to evaluate the correlation between the development of anti-drug antibodies and specific IgG-4 antibodies against TNF inhibitors and the resistance to this therapy in RA patients.

Methods The retrospective study involved 130 established RA patients [98 females and 32 males, mean age 56,7±12,3 years, disease duration 6,3±1.2] who fail to respond to conventional DMARDs treated with anti-TNF agents [32 pts with INF, 58 pts. with ETN, 40 pts with ADA] with a baseline DAS28 range between 3.2-5.6. After 6 months of treatment according to DAS28 values the patients were classified in remission for DAS28 <2.6 (R) and having low disease activity (LDA) for DAS28 range between 2.6-3.2 or non responder (NR)>3.2.

The patients were tested for serum anti-drugs antibodies (Anti TNF-α Blocker ELISA kit Immundiagnostik AG, Bensheim - Listarfish, Milan, Italy) and IgG4 specific antibodies against TNF- inhibitors (ImmunoCAP® Assay fluoroenzyme immuno assay Kit for ImmunoCAP250, Phadia, Uppsala, Sweden).

Results After a mean of 6 months in IFN group: 15.65% of the patients were in remission (R ), 31.2 % in LDA and 53.12% NRs; in ETN group 22.41% of the patients in R, 41.37% in LDA, 36.20% NRs, in ADA group 30% of the patients in R, 25% in LDA and 45% NRs. In the INF group the anti-drug antibodies were detected in 21. 87% of the patients and specific IgG-4 antibodies in18%, in ETN group the anti-drug antibodies were detected in 10.34% and specific IgG-4 antibodies in 8.67%, in ADA group the anti-drugs antibodies in 25% and specific IgG-4 antibodies in 5%. The presence of anti-drug antibodies in INF e ADA group correlate with the high percentage of NRs (R:0.032 ;R:0.039). No correlation with the specific IgG-4 antibodies against TNF and clinical response was observed.

Conclusions In patients with RA the presence of all anti-drug antibodies but not the specific IgG-4 antibodies against TNF could influence the activity of TNFblockers in particular in INF and ADA group. This study also confirmed the low immunogenecity of ETN.

Disclosure of Interest None Declared

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