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A2.12 Phenotype Changes of Blood Eosinophils Reflect Activity and Severity in Systemic Sclerosis
  1. Dirk M Wuttge1,
  2. Annika Andreasson2,
  3. Ellen Tufvesson3,
  4. Agneta Scheja1,
  5. Roger Hesselstrand1,
  6. Lennart Truedsson2
  1. 1Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Section of Rheumatology
  2. 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Section of Microbiology, Immunology and Glycobiology
  3. 3Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Section of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Abstract

Background and Objectives We investigated whether surface marker expression analysis of blood eosinophils may reflect disease activity in systemic sclerosis (SSc), since a role for eosinophils in the pathogenesis of SSc may be suggested from the observation of increased counts in bronchoalveolar lavage.

Materials and Methods By flow cytometer analysis, eosinophils in whole blood were identified in 32 consecutive untreated patients using surface marker CD16 and CD9. Surface expression of markers CD11b, CD44, CD48, CD54, CD81 and HLA-DR was measured. Data were related to clinical measurements of the disease activity.

Results An increased blood eosinophil population with low surface expression of CD9 was identified in patients with early SSc, i.e. a disease duration of <2 years, compared to patients with longer disease duration (P = 0.003) and controls (P = 0.029). CD81 expression was lower in SSc patients compared to healthy individuals (P = 0.003). In patients with early SSc, CD81 levels correlated inversely to degree of skin involvement (r = –0.67; P = 0.009). CD48 levels were increased in early SSc and were associated with an increased concentration of alveolar nitric oxide in these patients (r = 0.84; P < 0.001). CD16 expression on blood eosinophils was also higher in patients with early disease and was associated with loss of nailfold capillaries (r = –0.78; P < 0.001).

Conclusions Blood eosinophils in patients with SSc display a diverse phenotype depending on disease duration. In early disease, surface marker expression on eosinophils is associated with disease activity and severity.

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