Background Osteoarthritis is a major burden worldwide.
Objectives Arthritic conditions are extremely painful for the patient and are associated with a significant reduction in health related quality of life (HRQOL), mainly in term of physical and functional impairment. Therefore, the demand for total joint replacement (TJR) is increasing. The objective of the present study was to access the clinical profil of osteoarthritic patients undergoing of total joint replacement.
Methods We analyzed the clinical status of 443 consecutive patients (180 men and 263 women) undergoing total joint replacement for symptomatic osteoarthritis of the lower limb aged from 22 to 86 years (mean 65,5±10,4). Generic HRQOL was assessed with the Short-Form 36 (SF36). This questionnaire was administered preoperatively.
Results 249 of them received a total hip arthroplasty (THA) and 194 a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The mean duration of OA was 3004.4 days ±3286.4 (SD) or 8.2 years ±9 years. They were all diagnosed with primary OA following the ACR criteria.
We calculated the various dimensions of a validated tool for the assessment of quality of life, the short form 36 (SF-36).
The results were (mean ± SD/lower score on the SF 36 reflect poorer health):
Conclusions We concluded that patients undergoing total joint replacement in university setting, in Belgium, have a significant impairment in QO mainly affecting these two variables: “role limitations due to physical problems” and “pain”.
Disclosure of Interest None Declared