Background A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) with thrombospondin type 1 motif, 12 (ADAMTS12) is a degradative enzyme that interacts with the degradable fragments of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein, which is a prominent noncollagenous matrix component in articular cartilage. ADAMTS12 has been observed in the cartilage, synovial fluid and serum of arthritis patients, and may play an important role in the pathogenesis of arthritis.
Objectives In this study, we investigated whether the genetic polymorphisms of ADAMTS12 are associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in a Korean population.
Methods To observe the association between ADAMTS12 and RA, we genotyped three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs1364044, intron C/T; rs10461703, intron C/T; rs25754, missense Thr1495Ile) of ADAMTS12 using a direct sequencing method in 303 RA patients and 495 control subjects. Multiple logistic regression models were performed to analyze the genetic data. SNPStats and SNPAnalyzer Pro programs were used to estimate odds ratios, 95% confidence intervals, and p values. Bonferroni’s correction (pc) was conducted to obtain a defined result.
Results Of the three SNPs, the genotype frequency of rs10461703 was associated with the development of RA (pc=0.0024 in the co-dominant model; pc=0.0009 in the dominant model; pc=0.0006 in the log-additive model). The allele frequency of rs10461703 also showed a significant difference between RA and controls (pc<0.0001). The C allele frequency of rs10461703 was lower in the RA group (36.6%) than in the control group (45.7%), whereas the T allele frequency of rs10461703 in the RA group (63.4%) was higher than that in the control group (54.3%). The other two SNPs (rs1364044 and rs25754) were not associated with the development of RA. However, we did not find any association between the three tested SNPs and RA patients according to clinical features including erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein level, rheumatoid factor (+ and -) and bone erosion (+ and -).
Conclusions Our results suggest that ADAMTS12 may be a susceptibility gene for RA development in the Korean population.
Disclosure of Interest None Declared