Background With the availability of multiple biologic agents, with different modes of action, and no head to head trials, it is of use to examine comparative effectiveness of these agents in real world registries to inform physicians how they might be used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
Objectives To compare time to response and efficacy among biologic agents.
Methods Usage of the biologic medications abatacept, adalimumab, etanercept,infliximab and rituximab along with self-reported disease activity and clinic measures were abstracted from ARMD registry at NYU. Time to first response defined as an improvement in RAPID3 of at least 3.6 was calculated; change from biologic medication initiation to first response for self-reported disease activity and clinic measures was estimated. Differences in time to first response between biologic medications were estimated using Cox proportional hazards model.
Results 4299 encounteres were reviewed for this analysis. A total of 526 treatment courses were determined. 406 of 526 courses represent the first biologic medication used by an individual; 88 individuals used two biologic medications at different times, while 26 had used three biologics, and 6 had used 4. Abatacept had more patients achieve response (66%) characterized by a reduction in RAPID of 3.6 points or greater than adalimumab (63%), etanercept (61%), infliximab (43%), rituximab (41%) although this difference was not statistically siginficant. Increased age and increased duration of disease were associated with decreased likelihood of achieving a RAPID3 reponse. Time to reponse in the first 6 months after treatment was not significantly different among any of the biologics (Fig. 1).
Conclusions No differences in efficacy and time to response among adalimumab, abatacept, etanercept, infliximab or rituximab in the first 6 months after RA treatment was initiated were noted. With no difference in clinical outcomes, most treatment decisions may be based on ease of use and safety data of respective biologics agents when they are being considered for RA treatment.
Disclosure of Interest Y. Yazici Grant/Research support from: Abbott, BMS, Celgene, Genentech, Consultant for: Abbott, BMS, Centocor, Celgene, Pfizer, genentech, UCB, Takeda, A. Regens: None Declared, C. Swearingen: None Declared