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IL1-receptor antagonist anakinra provides long-lasting efficacy in the treatment of refractory adult-onset Still’s disease
  1. L Naumann1,
  2. E Feist1,
  3. A Natusch2,
  4. S Langen2,
  5. A Krause2,
  6. F Buttgereit1,
  7. G-R Burmester1
  1. 1
    Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
  2. 2
    Immanuel-Krankenhaus, Rheumaklinik Berlin-Buch und Berlin-Wannsee, Berlin, Germany
  1. Correspondence to Dr L Naumann, Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Mitte, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany; lydia.naumann{at}charite.de

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New therapeutic strategies are required in the management of adult-onset Still’s disease (AOSD) refractory to glucocorticoids, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) or anti-tumour necrosis factor α antagonists (anti-TNFs). It has been suggested that interleukin 1 (IL1) plays a key role in the maintenance of the chronic inflammatory diseases, providing a rationale for an IL1-blocking therapy.1 2 Anakinra, an IL1 receptor antagonist (IL1-RA) approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis,3 has shown promising results in small cohorts of patients with AOSD.4 5 6 7 8 However, it is unclear whether these effects can be sustained over a long treatment period. We report rapid and long-lasting responses to anakinra in eight patients with AOSD refractory to glucocorticoids, DMARDs and/or anti-TNFs.

From December 2004, eight consecutive patients with refractory adult-onset …

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