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Hsp90β and p130cas: novel regulatory factors of MMP-13 expression in human osteoarthritic chondrocytes
  1. Z Fan1,
  2. G Tardif1,
  3. D Hum1,
  4. N Duval2,
  5. J-P Pelletier1,
  6. J Martel-Pelletier1
  1. 1
    Osteoarthritis Research Unit, University of Montreal Hospital Centre, Notre-Dame Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  2. 2
    Pavillon des Charmilles, Vimont, Quebec, Canada
  1. Professor J Martel-Pelletier, Osteoarthritis Research Unit, University of Montreal Hospital Centre, Notre-Dame Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2L 4M1; jm{at}martelpelletier.ca

Abstract

Background: Human osteoarthritic (OA) chondrocytes were previously classified into L (low)- and H (high)-OA according to matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) basal levels and interleukin 1β (IL1β) inducibility. In H-OA chondrocytes, the regulatory proteins p130cas and nuclear matrix protein 4 (NMP4) acting on the MMP-13 promoter were identified.

Objective: To identify regulators of MMP-13 expression/production in human L-OA chondrocytes, to determine their effect on the expression of other MMPs and the effect of IL1β on these molecules.

Methods: The identification of the L-OA chondrocyte proteins interacting specifically with the AGRE site of the MMP-13 promoter was performed by mass spectrometry. Heat shock protein 90β (Hsp90β), p130cas and NMP4 small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) were transfected into L-OA chondrocytes and incubated with or without IL1β. Gene expression was determined by real-time PCR, MMP-1 and MMP-13 production by ELISA, and signalling pathway activation by western blotting and ELISA.

Results: Hsp90β was identified as a protein of the L-OA/AGRE-specific complex. Silencing p130cas and Hsp90β significantly increased MMP-13 expression (about four- and twofold, respectively) and production. sip130cas affected to a lesser extent MMP-1 expression (twofold) and production. siNMP4 showed no effect. Expression of MMP-2, -3, -9 and -14 was unaffected. Silencing both Hsp90β and p130cas had a significant additive effect on MMP-13, but not on MMP-1 expression, the level of which was similar to that with sip130cas alone. IL1β decreased p130cas and Hsp90β expression/production, indicating another pathway by which this cytokine upregulates MMP expression. The IL1β-triggered signalling pathways responsible for MMP upregulation were unaffected in the silenced cells.

Conclusion: This study illustrates the complex regulation of MMP-13 by showing the inhibitory effect of the two cytoplasmic molecules, p130cas and Hsp90β, in L-OA chondrocytes.

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None.

  • Ethics approval: The Institutional Ethics Committee Board of the Notre-Dame Hospital approved the use of the human articular tissues.

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