Increasing age at symptom onset is associated with worse radiological damage at presentation in patients with early inflammatory polyarthritis
- 1ARC Epidemiology Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
- 2Norfolk Arthritis Register, Norfolk and Norwich Hospital, Norfolk, UK
- Correspondence to:
Dr D Symmons
ARC Epidemiology Unit, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK;
- Accepted 25 August 2006
- Published Online First 1 September 2006
Background: Increasing age at onset has been associated with worse outcome in rheumatoid arthritis, although there are few data from unselected inception cohorts.
Hypothesis: Increasing age is associated with a higher risk of erosions at presentation, and this increase is not explained by age-related disease confounders.
Subjects and methods: 222 subjects (median onset age 59 years) were studied from a primary-care-based register of new-onset inflammatory polyarthritis. Patients had hand and feet radiographs taken within 12 months from symptom onset. Films were scored by two readers using the Larsen score. The risk of erosions in those aged 50–69 and ⩾70 years at onset was compared with the risk in those aged <50 years both before and after adjustment for possible age-related disease confounders.
Result: The prevalences of erosions were 22%, 52% and 71% in those aged <50, 50–69 and ⩾70 years at onset equivalent to odds ratios (ORs) (95% confidence intervals (CIs)) of 3.5 (2.2 to 5.7) and 7.4 (4.5 to 12.1), respectively, in the two older age groups. Excluding those with proximal interphalangeal (PIP) erosions alone (due to possible osteoarthritis) did not alter these findings. Adjustments for disease characteristics using logistic regression did not attenuate these findings: adjusted ORs (95% CIs) 3.6 (2.1 to 6.1) and 6.9 (3.8 to 12.2) for age groups 50–69 and ⩾70 years, respectively. The influence of age was stronger than most of the disease-related variables in predicting erosions in this cohort.
Conclusion: Increasing age at symptom onset is strongly associated with higher occurrence of erosions within the first year unexplained by greater disease severity.
- CRP, C reactive protein
- HAQ, Health Assessment Questionnaire
- HLA, human leucocyte antigen
- MCP, metacarpophalangeal
- NOAR, Norfolk Arthritis Register
- PIP, proximal interphalangeal
Published Online First 1 September 2006
Funding: The Norfolk Arthritis Register (NOAR) is funded by the UK Arthritis Research Campaign.
Competing interests: None declared.