Background: Immunoregulatory genes and Gram negative gut bacteria are thought to be important in disease expression in ankylosing spondylitis (AS).
Objective: To compare the frequency of two common and functional TLR4 mutations (Asp299Gly, and Thr399Ile) between patients with AS and HLA-B27 healthy controls.
Methods: The TLR4 genotypes of patients and healthy HLA-B27 controls were determined using allele-specific PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Asp299Gly genotype was determined in 193 patients and 125 HLA-B27 positive controls and Thr399Ile genotype in 184 patients and 113 HLA-B27 controls. Allele frequencies were compared using a χ2 test of association.
Results: 29/193 (15%) patients with AS had a polymorphism in the Asp299 site compared with 18/125 (14.4%) healthy HLA-B27 controls. Of the patients genotyped for the Thr399Ile allele, 29/184 (15.8%) carried the polymorphism compared with 19/113 (16.8%) HLA-B27 controls. No significant difference between the frequencies of the Asp299Gly genotype or the Thr399Ile genotype between patients with AS and healthy HLA-B27 controls was found. No significant difference in allele frequency was found at either site.
Conclusion: Two common TLR4 polymorphisms, which cause a functional deficiency in host immune response to Gram negative bacteria, are not overrepresented in patients with AS.
- AS, ankylosing spondylitis
- CD, Crohn’s disease
- LPS, lipopolysaccharide
- PCR, polymerase chain reaction
- TLRs, Toll-like receptors
- UC, ulcerative colitis
- ankylosing spondylitis
- Toll-like receptor
- innate immunity
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Competing interests: None.