Article Text

PDF
Facioskeletal changes in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  1. M Twilt1,
  2. A J M Schulten2,
  3. P Nicolaas1,
  4. A Dülger1,
  5. L W A van Suijlekom-Smit1
  1. 1Department of Paediatrics, Erasmus MC Sophia Children’s Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  2. 2Department of Orthodontics, Erasmus MC Sophia Children’s Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr M Twilt
    Erasmus MC Sophia Children’s Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, Sp 1545, PO Box 2060, 3000 CB Rotterdam, The Netherlands; m.twilt{at}erasmusmc.nl

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the facioskeletal morphology in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) with and without temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement.

Methods: Eighty five patients were included. TMJ involvement was defined by orthopantomogram alterations. Lateral cephalograms were used to determine linear and angular measurements and occlusion.

Results: Patients regardless of their TMJ status had a 67% chance for retrognathia and a 52% chance for posterior rotation of the mandible and, respectively, 82% and 58% if TMJ involvement were present. Changes were not uniformly distributed among the different subtypes.

Conclusion: Patients with JIA have an altered facial morphology, especially in the presence of TMJ involvement.

  • JIA, juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • OPT, orthopantomogram
  • RF, rheumatoid factor
  • TMJ, temporomandibular joint
  • juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • temporomandibular joints

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Competing interest: None.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.