Background: Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with an unexplained increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Antibodies against human 60 kDa heat shock protein (anti-HSP60) are associated with the presence and severity of CVD.
Objectives: To investigate whether anti-HSP60 antibodies are associated with prevalent CVD in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
Methods: In a nested case–control design, anti-HSP60 antibody levels were measured in the serum samples of 192 rheumatoid patients. In a regression analysis the association between prevalent CVD and anti-HSP60 antibodies was examined, along with the possible influence on this association of several demographic, rheumatoid arthritis, and CVD related variables.
Results: In a random sample of 326 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, 48 cases were identified who also suffered from CVD. Three controls per case with rheumatoid arthritis but without CVD (n = 144) were matched for sex, age, disease duration, and smoking habits. A regression analysis showed no significant association between prevalent CVD and anti-HSP60 antibodies (odds ratio = 1.00 (95% confidence interval, 0.997 to 1.004)). After correcting for possible confounding variables, still no association was found.
Conclusions: In contrast to the general population, anti-HSP60 antibody titres are not associated with prevalent CVD in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. These findings could be the result of an altered immune response to HSP60 in rheumatoid arthritis.
- CVD, cardiovascular disease
- HDLc, high density lipoprotein cholesterol
- HSP, heat shock protein
- LDLc, low density lipoprotein cholesterol
- ROC, receiver operating characteristic
- rheumatoid arthritis
- cardiovascular disease
- heat shock protein 60 antibodies
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Published Online First 25 October 2005