Relationship between serum trough infliximab levels, pretreatment C reactive protein levels, and clinical response to infliximab treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
- G J Wolbink1,4,
- A E Voskuyl2,
- W F Lems2,3,
- E de Groot4,
- M T Nurmohamed4,
- P P Tak5,
- B A C Dijkmans1,2,3,
- L Aarden4
- 1Jan van Breemen Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
- 2VU Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
- 3Slotervaart Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
- 4Sanquin Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
- 5Academic Medical Centre/University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
- Correspondence to:
Dr G J Wolbink
Dr Jan van Breemenstraat 2, 1056 AB Amsterdam, The Netherlands;
- Accepted 7 September 2004
- Published Online First 14 October 2004
Objective: To investigate the relationship between serum trough infliximab levels and clinical response to infliximab treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Methods: Disease activity and serum trough infliximab levels before and 2, 6, and 14 weeks after initiation of infliximab treatment at a dose of 3 mg/kg in a cohort of 105 patients with RA were assessed. Serum trough infliximab levels in responders and non-responders were compared. Additionally, the clinical responses of patients with high, intermediate, and low serum trough infliximab levels at 14 weeks were compared.
Results: After 14 weeks of treatment non-responders had lower serum trough levels of infliximab than responders (median (interquartile range) 0.5 (0.2–2.2) v 3.6 (1.4–8.2) mg/l; p<0.01)). Patients with low serum trough infliximab levels at 14 weeks had significantly less improvement in the 28 joint count Disease Activity Score (DAS28) score than patients with intermediate or high serum trough infliximab levels at 14 weeks. Pretreatment C reactive protein (CRP) levels correlated negatively with serum trough infliximab levels at 14 weeks after the start of treatment (Spearman rank correlation rs = −0.43, p<0.001).
Conclusion: Serum trough levels of infliximab correlate with the clinical response to treatment with infliximab and pretreatment CRP levels. This study indicates that patients with high pretreatment CRP levels might benefit from higher dosages of infliximab or shorter dosing intervals.
- CRP, C reactive protein
- DAS28, 28 joint Disease Activity Score
- ELISA, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay
- ESR, erythrocyte sedimentation rate
- MTX, methotrexate
- RA, rheumatoid arthritis
- TNF, tumour necrosis factor