Urinary type II collagen C-telopeptide levels are increased in patients with rapidly destructive hip osteoarthritis
- 1INSERM Research Unit 403, Lyon France
- 2Synarc, Lyon, France
- 3Hôpital Sud, Lyon, France
- 4NordicBiosciences, Herlev, Denmark
- Correspondence to:
Dr P Garnero, INSERM Unit 403, Hôpital E Herriot, Pavillon F, 69437 Lyon Cedex 03, France;
- Accepted 3 February 2003
Objective: To compare type II collagen degradation using a new urinary specific marker in patients with rapidly destructive and those with slowly progressive hip OA.
Methods: Twelve patients with rapidly destructive and 28 patients with slowly progressive hip OA were included in a prospective, cross sectional case-control study. Urinary levels of C-terminal crosslinking telopeptide of collagen type II (CTX-II) as a marker of cartilage degradation were measured by an ELISA, and urinary free deoxypyridinoline (free DPD), a marker of bone resorption, was measured by high performance liquid chromatography. One x ray evaluation of the hips and urine samples was made in all patients when the diagnosis of OA was established.
Results: Patients with hip OA had higher mean (SD) urinary CTX-II levels than 65 healthy age matched controls (492 (232) v 342 (141), p<0.001), but no significant difference was seen for urinary free DPD (p=0.30). Increased urinary CTX-II, but not urinary free DPD, correlated significantly with decreased minimum joint space width assessed by radiograph of the hip. Mean urinary CTX-II levels were significantly higher in patients with rapidly progressive OA than in the slowly progressive group (612 (218) v 441 (221), p=0.015), whereas no significant difference of urinary free DPD was seen between the two groups (p=0.55).
Conclusion: Patients with hip OA have increased CTX-II degradation as assessed by a new urinary marker. Increased urinary CTX-II levels are associated with rapidly destructive disease, suggesting that this marker might be useful in identifying patients with hip OA at high risk for rapid progression of joint damage.
- BMI, body mass index
- CTX-II, C-terminal crosslinking telopeptide of type II collagen
- DPD, deoxypyridinoline
- JSW, joint space width
- OA, osteoarthritis