Objective: To investigate the role of HSP70 genes as contributors to genetic susceptibility of the spondyloarthropathies (SpA) in the Mexican population.
Methods: The study included 150 patients with SpA (undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy (uSpA) 68, ankylosing spondylitis (AS) 60, and reactive arthritis 22) and 158 healthy controls. HSP70-1, HSP70-2 and HSP70-hom genotypes were analysed by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique. Statistical methods included the Mantel-Haenzel, χ2, Fisher's exact test, and Woolf's method for odds ratio (OR).
Results: HSP70-2 B/B genotype frequency was increased in the whole group of patients with SpA (pC<0.05, OR=4.3), as well as in the different clinical subgroups (pC<0.05, OR=4.2 for AS; pC<0.05, OR=4.4 for uSpA; and pC<0.05, OR=4.1 for ReA). This frequency remained significantly increased when the patients with B27 negative SpA were analysed. On the other hand, HSP70-hom locus analysis showed significantly increased frequency of A allele in the whole group of SpA (pC<0.05, OR=3.4), as well as in the groups with AS (pC<0.05, OR=5.6) and with uSpA (pC<0.05, OR=3.1), when compared with healthy controls. In this case, also, the genotype A/A was increased in the whole group of SpA (pC<0.05, OR=4.5), as well as in patients with AS (pC<0.05, OR=6.4) and with uSpA (pC<0.05, OR=3.7). When the patients with B27 negative SpA were analysed the frequencies of HSP70-hom A allele and A/A genotype remained significantly increased in the whole group of SpA (pC<0.05, OR=3.2 for the A allele and pC<0.05, OR=4.2 for the A/A genotype) and in the uSpA subgroup (pC<0.05, OR=3.8 for the A allele and pC<0.05, OR=4.3 for the A/A genotype).
Conclusion: In addition to the association of SpA with HLA-B27, there is a significant association of HSP70-2 and HSP70-hom alleles with SpA in Mexicans. This association seems to be independent of the susceptibility conferred by HLA-B27 in the group of patients with uSpA.
- heat shock proteins, spondyloarthropathies
- genetic susceptibility
- Mexican population
- AF, aetiological fraction
- AS, ankylosing spondylitis
- HSP, heat shock protein
- OR, odds ratio
- PCR, polymerase chain reaction
- ReA, reactive arthritis
- SpA, spondyloarthropathies
- uSpA, undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.