Objectives To analyse the relationship between risk factors of osteoporosis (OP) and heel bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women in a Mediterranean area.
Methods 170 postmenopausal women were consecutively selected for an osteoporosis screening. In all women we collected the following data: age, BMI (body mass index), years since menopause, pregnancy, breed-feeding, maternal hip fracture; use of coffee, alcohol and tobacco; daily calcium intake, sun exposure and previous fractures (distal forearm, vertebral, hip and other non-traumatic fractures). A measurement of heel BMD was done in all women with PIXI bone densitometer (Lunar). Dorso-lumbar x-rays were reviewed in all patients. Chi-square, Student or Fisher tests were used for the statistical analysis.
Results Significative differences between patients with normal values of BMD and OP were detected only for the following risk factors:
Conclusion Previous fractures, mother’s hip fracture, low BMI, age and years since menopause are factors associated with low heel BMD. So, PIXI is a good method for OP screening in postmenopausal women.
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