Ann Rheum Dis 58:546-553 doi:10.1136/ard.58.9.546
  • Extended report

Characterisation of T cell clonotypes that accumulated in multiple joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis


OBJECTIVE To investigate whether identical T cell clonotypes accumulate in multiple rheumatoid joints, the clonality of T cells that had infiltrated into synovial tissue (ST) samples simultaneously obtained from multiple joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was analysed.

METHODS T cell receptor (TCR) β gene transcripts, amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction from ST and peripheral blood lymphocytes of five RA patients, were subjected to single strand conformation polymorphism analysis and DNA sequencing.

RESULTS Approximately 40% of accumulated T cell clonotypes found in one joint of a patient were found in multiple joints in the same patient. Furthermore, identical amino acid sequences were found in TCR β junctional regions of these clonotypes from different patients with at least one HLA molecule match.

CONCLUSIONS The T cell clonotypes accumulating in multiple rheumatoid joints may be involved in the perpetuation of polyarthritis by reacting to antigens common to these multiple joints.


  • Funding: this work was supported in part by grants from the Ministry of Health and Welfare and the Ministry of Education of Japan.