Correlation between radiographically diagnosed osteophytes and magnetic resonance detected cartilage defects in the patellofemoral joint
- aDepartment of Diagnostic Radiology, County Hospital, Helsingborg, Sweden, bDepartment of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden, cSpenshult’s Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Halmstad, Sweden
- Dr T Boegård, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, County Hospital, S-251 87 Helsingborg, Sweden.
- Accepted 8 April 1998
OBJECTIVE To assess the correlation between radiographically diagnosed osteophytes in the axial and lateral view of the patellofemoral joint (PFJ) and (1) magnetic resonance (MR) detected cartilage defects in the same joint and (2) knee pain.
METHODS Fifty seven pepole with chronic knee pain, (aged 41–58 years, mean 50 years) were examined with axial and lateral radiograms when standing of the right and the left PFJ. The presence and grade of osteophytes was assessed. On the same day, a MR examination was performed of the signal knee with proton density and T2 weighted turbo spin-echo sequences in the sagittal and axial view on a 1.0 T imager. Cartilage defects in the PFJ were noted. The subjects were questioned for current knee pain for each knee.
RESULTS Osteophytes at the PFJ had a specificity varying between 59 and 100% and a positive predictive value between 74 and 100% for MR detected cartilage defects. The corresponding values for osteophytes at the lateral aspect of the femoral trochlea were both 100%. In PFJ with narrowing (<5 mm) osteophytes had a sensitivity and a positive predictive value of 90 and 95% respectively for MR detected cartilage defects, while in PFJ with non-narrowing (⩾5 mm) the corresponding values were 75 and 65% and the specificity was 50%. A correlation (p<0.05) between osteophytes at the inferior pole of the patella and knee pain was found.
CONCLUSIONS Osteophytes at the PFJ are associated with MR detected cartilage defects in the same joint. The relation was strong for osteophytes at the lateral femoral trochlea and in the PFJ with narrowing (<5 mm), but weak in the PFJ with non-narrowing (⩾5 mm).