Minocycline induced arthritis associated with fever, livedo reticularis, and pANCA.
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel iatrogenic immunological reaction produced by minocycline. CASE REPORTS: The clinical course and laboratory results of three women who presented with similar rheumatological manifestations after a prolonged exposure to minocycline are described. All three presented a unique reaction manifested by fever, arthritis/arthralgia and livedo reticularis during treatment with minocycline for acne vulgaris. The clinical syndrome was associated with high titre of serum perinuclear anticytoplasmatic antibodies (p-ANCA) and antimyeloperoxidase antibody (anti-MPO). Symptoms resolved after stopping the drug and recurred promptly after rechallenge in all three patients. CONCLUSIONS: Minocycline, which is widely used in the treatment of acne, often without adequate supervision, may induce arthritis and livedo vasculitis associated with anti-MPO.