OBJECTIVES--To investigate the influence of the Th1 and Th2 lymphokines interleukins (IL)-4 and IL-13, interferon gamma (IFN gamma), and several monokines on the adhesion of mononuclear cells to synovial fibroblasts and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression and cytokine production of synovial fibroblasts in patients with osteoarthritis. METHODS--Synovial fibroblasts were isolated from patients with osteoarthritis and stimulated with IL-1 beta, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), and IFN gamma. Subsequently, we determined the production of IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, IFN alpha and TNF alpha, and the expression of ICAM-1 lymphocyte function associated antigen 3 (LFA-3), BB7, and major histocompatibility complex class II molecules on these cells. Furthermore, the adhesion of freshly isolated mononuclear cells from the peripheral blood was tested using a colourimetric cell-cell adhesion assay. RESULTS--Only production of IL-6 and the expression of ICAM-1 were observed. IL-1 beta and TNF alpha were the most potent stimulatory mediators of both cytokine production and ICAM-1 expression. IL-4 and IL-13 had differential effects as they upregulated cytokine production but downregulated IFN gamma induced ICAM-1 expression. In functional adhesion assays, TNF alpha, IL-1 alpha and, to a lesser extent, IFN gamma led to increased adhesion of mononuclear cells, whereas IL-4 and IL-13 had no effect. CONCLUSIONS--Our data indicate that Th1 and Th2 lymphokines can modulate the function (cytokine production and expression of adhesion molecules) of synovial fibroblasts.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.