Article Text

PDF

Association between human parvovirus B19 infection and arthritis.
  1. P Cassinotti,
  2. S Bas,
  3. G Siegl,
  4. T L Vischer
  1. Institute for Clinical Microbiology and Immunology, St Gallen, Switzerland.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE--To gain information concerning the association between parvovirus B19 infection and arthritis. METHODS--Blood or synovial fluid, or both, from a total of 77 adult patients with various arthropathies (rheumatoid arthritis 13; mechanical arthropathies 11; crystal induced arthritis 13; idiopathic mono/oligoarthritis 25; suspicion of viral arthritis 15) were tested for the presence of the viral genome and anti-B19 antibodies. B19 DNA in blood and synovial fluid was investigated by nested polymerase chain reaction, and anti-B19 IgM and IgG antibodies were detected in blood by enzyme immunoassay. RESULTS--A recent parvovirus infection was documented by the presence of anti-B19 IgM antibodies in the blood of 13 patients. B19 DNA, together with anti-B19 IgM and IgG antibodies, were detected in the blood of seven patients who had an acute transient arthritis, putatively of viral origin. Viral DNA was detected in a synovial fluid sample and in the blood of one patient with monoarthritis who had an anti-B19 IgG response only. CONCLUSIONS--The prevalence of anti-B19 IgG antibody in these patients with various forms of arthritis (63%) was within the same range as that in the general population (blood donors). However, for the patients with clinical suspicion of viral arthritis, the increased seroprevalence of anti-B19 IgM and the presence of the B19 genome point to an association between human parvovirus infections and acute forms of arthritis.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.