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PPD and hsp65 induced monoarthritis initiates spontaneous recurrent flares in Lewis rats.
  1. S Ragno,
  2. C J Morris,
  3. A Coumbe,
  4. P I Mapp,
  5. M J Colston,
  6. D R Blake,
  7. V R Winrow
  1. ARC Bone and Joint Research Unit, London Hospital Medical College, United Kingdom.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVES--To investigate the time course of a monoarthritis induced with the purified protein derivative of tuberculin (PPD) or a recombinant 65 kDa heat shock protein (rhsp65) in two different strains of sensitised rats. METHODS--Wistar and Lewis rats, sensitised with heat killed Mycobacterium tuberculosis in oil, were challenged intraarticularly with PPD or rhsp65 and monitored for six weeks. Inflammation was assessed by joint swelling, histology, and radiographic studies. RESULTS--Sensitised Lewis rats injected with PPD or rhsp65 showed a chronic response with recurrent spontaneous flares, while Wistar rats showed one inflammatory episode. CONCLUSIONS--The Wistar strain response to PPD resembles a transient reactive arthritis, while the response of the Lewis strain mimics the relapsing nature of rheumatoid synovitis, providing an interesting model to determine dominant immunopathogenic mechanisms.

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