Article Text


Correlation of the size of type II transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) receptor with TGF-beta responses of isolated bovine articular chondrocytes.
  1. H L Glansbeek,
  2. P M van der Kraan,
  3. E L Vitters,
  4. W B van den Berg
  1. Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


    OBJECTIVES--Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is a multipotent regulator of cell proliferation and extracellular matrix production. The effect of TGF-beta on chondrocyte matrix production was studied in relation to the expression of TGF-beta binding proteins. The effect of TGF-beta on proteoglycan synthesis of isolated articular chondrocytes depended on the culture period. Proteoglycan synthesis of chondrocytes which were cultured for one day was inhibited by TGF-beta whereas proteoglycan synthesis of chondrocytes cultured in monolayer for seven days or longer was stimulated by TGF-beta. To investigate if this differential response is related to a distinct expression of TGF-beta receptors, this parameter was studied by affinity labelling. METHODS--Chondrocytes were incubated with 100 pM TGF-beta labelled with iodine-125. Crosslinking was performed using 0.25 mM disuccinimidyl suberate. Membrane proteins were extracted and analysed by denaturating sodium dodecylsulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and autoradiography. RESULTS--Freshly isolated and cultured chondrocytes expressed types I, II, and III TGF-beta receptors. The type II TGF-beta receptor of cultured chondrocytes appeared to be about 15 kilodaltons smaller than the type II TGF-beta receptor expressed on freshly isolated chondrocytes, however. CONCLUSIONS--As the type II TGF-beta receptors appears to be involved in signal transduction, this change in size of the type II TGF-beta receptor might be related to the differential effect of TGF-beta on proteoglycan synthesis of freshly isolated and cultured bovine articular chondrocytes.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.